Summary: How to leverage your resources to reach Spanish-dominant Hispanics online.
A recent DigitalGov University (DGU) webinar provided an introduction to the intersection of two teams with different audiences reaching consensus on goals to maximize insight and outreach effectiveness.
Social Media Outreach Goals
What does social media outreach success look like? Success is when agencies and stakeholders have developed relationships that support each other’s social media and digital campaigns. Success also consists of partners consistently inviting your agency to its social media activities in advance and regularly sharing the agency’s social media content as well.
External affairs can share social media content to its network of partners—and vice versa, partners can ask that external affairs also communicate to their social media shop when they have social media events.
With a limited budget and few resources, CuidadodeSalud.gov, Healthcare.gov‘s Spanish language sister site, had to first rely on organic relationships to amplify their social media reach. The main objective set out to increase enrollment, but also to inform, educate, and gain email subscribers so that CuidadodeSalud.gov could regularly communicate with them.
Challenges in Stakeholder Engagement—Consider:
- As federal government agencies, we are limited as whom we could partner with. We must make sure we support but not endorse partners.
- Stakeholders have competing priorities to be mindful of, what can they commit to as a minimum to support your campaign?
- Consumer advocacy groups speak for their constituents
- Not always in agreement with agency priorities
- Capacity of stakeholders to engage
- Not all partners created equally; staffing and budget size vary
- Political environment especially controversial public opinion of government programs.
- Social media teams don’t know which partners to work with.
- Know which partners are politically active or have certain agendas.
- Participating in or hosting social media events activities can be time consuming.
- Require both social media and external affairs to coordinate messaging.
- Need for agency subject matter expert (SME) input on content you’re sending out.
In-Language Outreach Challenges
You can be creative in your messaging, but just be careful to stereotype or over generalize. Don’t literally translate sayings or idioms. For example “apples to apples” does not have the same connotation in Spanish; it’s not a point of reference that is used or recognized. While you want to be catchy, balance being serious with being engaging. Vet your ideas with a native speaker who has cultural competencies and keeps up with topic trends regularly. How are people referring to the Affordable Care Act in Spanish? Can you do some focus group testing?
Transcreation is more important than translation. When you’re accurate and precise, leadership will trust your judgement and levels of approval will make the process much faster and smoother. For CuidadodeSalud.gov, messages are drafted in Spanish, and then translated to English for clearance.
Message test with target audience to find out what resonates, from literacy competencies to making sure what is also recognizable. For instance, would it be better to use “health coverage” or “health insurance”?
Opportunities for Win-Win Collaboration
Where there are available opportunities to support your stakeholders or agency partners, take them. Invite them to speak at one of your agency’s webinars, panels or other presentations. Publicly support their social media campaigns when possible, promote their blog posts on your blog or vice versa by giving them content or subject matter experts they might be seeking. Many if not most partners support agency activities for free, so these are some ways of giving back.
Case Studies: Facebook and Twitter
In order to boost engagement on Facebook, CuidadodeSalud.gov participated in several chats and shared stakeholder events. They included visually attractive graphics that asked questions that were specific to the target audience; Spanish-dominant Hispanics. The messages were originally written in Spanish. Partners, such as Enroll America, Latina Today, and others, shared this content. Working with community influencers and leaders is extremely effective. They have large and engaged followings; where you can establish and nurture those relationships, you’ll find success.
To date, CuidadodeSalud.gov’s Facebook page boasts the largest following of all government Spanish-language accounts. This success is attributed mostly to organic efforts, partner amplification, and some Facebook boosting, also known as “pay for play.”
For Twitter, CuidadodeSalud.gov kept its outreach efforts simple. The team researched audiences on Twitter, considered the relevancy and popularity of hashtags, whether to use an English one, one in Spanish, or both. The team also considered trends and what people were already talking about on Twitter as related to the topic. Partnerships are critical to Twitter outreach success. And in the cases where partners didn’t have Twitter handles, they would include the chat events in their newsletters and this would also help drive interest and participation.
— CuidadoDeSalud.gov (@CuidadoDeSalud) August 17, 2016
Last but not least, the team uses Twitter to engage at conferences so that attendees can learn about things like a cabinet-level official speaking events or how to visit CuidadodeSalud.gov’s booth. This is a great way to form a personal connection to followers on these accounts, besides simply letting them know that you have a presence there. Also, letting the conference organizers know that you’re there will provide an opportunity for them to support you by retweeting you.
Social media is always evolving, but planning accordingly should always be part of your strategic efforts.
- Have an organized plan for your social media events, toolkits are often a great way to share with partners and external stakeholders.
- Have a process for routing partner invitations to social media teams. External affairs and social media teams must work together to coordinate what is feasible to do and what isn’t.
- Collaborate ahead of time on drafting responses for Twitter chats. There are character limits, so short and sweet is best—130 characters is ideal. Have your URLs ready, shortened, and with the corresponding messages you want to share.
- Establish necessary lead time guidelines for agency participation; some agencies cannot participate last minute in social media events.
- Decide who is leading the event and how supporting agencies will contribute.
- Have subject matter experts anticipate potential questions that come up. Educate the SME’s that aren’t doing social media on the value in these channels to reach the public.
- Identify in-language subject matter experts to review content.
In your experience, which social media activity have you found little success in that you were surprised by?Thunderclap, they’re a feel good tool, but the lift is too high to set up for its ROI.
When you’re the only one in your agency that happens to speak Spanish, and you’re asked to review content and send it up to management to approve but they might not necessarily speak Spanish. How do you handle this?Having your translation reviewed and then adapted to English is usually the best way to communicate it up the chain. Having an editor you can rely on that is familiar with your content is key. Sending this with time ahead of having to publish it definitely helps. Get buy-in from leadership and establish trust with management that gives them the confidence to rely on your expertise for accuracy. Also, identify one or two champions that will promote your content initially and will help build your case for translating content or social media activities. A tweet that has 10 retweets for example, shows evidence for what’s working that you can share.
What’s a good strategy for reaching Hispanics online?Depends on the audience and whom you’re serving. Video is very attractive for example; consider the channels you’ll be sharing those on. A large group of Hispanic millennials also prefer content in English, but there are many still that prefer Spanish. Should you consider Facebook first, Twitter? Learn more about the audience you want to reach.
How do you measure success with Twitter chats?Define your goals first. Are you trying to raise awareness of your handle first and foremost? Or of your topic? Or both? Drive people to a landing page? Increase awareness of a product? Or even build relationships? Relationships are key for future social media events, so this is always a good objective to have. Find out who are influencers and what conversations are taking place around your topic. Social media is a conversation, do some social listening too. Being nimble and flexible yields high returns. Jumping on Twitter chats that are taking place makes other accounts aware that you exist, and creates momentum for your account and outreach efforts.
How do you educate an SME about social media and its value? When none of them are on social media.Sharing with them the possibility of reaching a large amount of people, this helps. Data always makes a good case as to why something works. Create a partnership, the subject matter relies on the social media expert, they get their messages across more channels, you engage your audience. It’s a win-win. Social media also provides insight and direct input into your content. That is very valuable when you’re interested in knowing how people are responding to your messages.
Any suggestions on how to specifically target Spanish language audiences, such as Mexicans for example?Research what areas have higher concentrations of that population. What wording is used in that community, reach out and learn more. Learn more about the behaviors of those audiences, are they on social media? What social media platforms do they use? Find out what influencers are effective in those areas. Find champions in those communities. There is a lot of research on the web including the Pew Research Center as well as many other resources available to agencies. There are several interagency listservs and communications managers across government that have experience with these efforts, reach out and discuss your ideas with others. Consider positioning your experiment as a pilot. Your learn, you iterate, and then you implement accordingly.
Are there guidelines for how to set up your agency’s communications efforts?Every agency sets this up differently and depends on the size of your agency too and how you want to organize your efforts. There are often several stakeholders involved. Consider your bandwidth first and what you can realistically achieve. Medicare recipients years ago were not on Facebook, and now they are and sharing content; research is everything. Start where your audience is.
In terms of building social media presences amongst Spanish language communities, or Low English Proficiency (LEP) communities, how do increase engagement without generating negative feedback from English speaking audiences along the way?Our job at Healthcare.gov was to follow our mission, which meant reaching people in the United States, educating them and getting them enrolled. There will always be critics and questions as to why you’re doing outreach in different languages. There were also health literacy challenges we needed to address, so we made sure that materials were well done. Stay focused on the goal, CuidadodeSalud.gov’s goal was to educate and raise awareness.
Which social media platforms are most likely to reach Hispanics and have good ROI?Always consider your target audience, whom do you want to reach and why? What is your goal and objectives? Facebook tends to skew for older demographics, younger audiences are on Instagram and Snapchat. Twitter nowadays can be leveraged more to communicate with partners and media. Social media platforms evolve in step with audience behavior.
Is it effective to have a Twitter feed on your homepage or site in general?USA.gov hasn’t experienced success with it in terms of driving traffic to Twitter, for example. While CuidadodeSalud.gov has not experimented with this, it’s noted that it is a good way to inform your visitors of online events and other timely information. You also have to be sure to keep tweeting regularly so the feed looks up to date.
Do you tweet only during the day or after hours?Remember your audience. Mix it up. Consider east coast, central time, west coast, you can also use tools to schedule posts. Some tools are free. Tweet at least 3-6 times a day to establish the account. Keeping up with trends and engagement. Making sure you are responsive to direct messages, mentions are helpful. Metrics or analytics of your channels is critical to finding out when your posts are performing best. Depending on your agency’s social media policy, always respond to questions or comments you receive from the public.
Which entities do you recommend working with in Puerto Rico?It depends on the age bracket you’re trying to reach. Connect with other government agencies that are working there, such as the CDC with Zika awareness, to find out whom they’re partnering with. On social media, follow hashtags and trends that are popular there, as well as geo-target your Facebook posts for PR.
Have you developed an ROI framework? How do you determine whether something will be successful?At the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid’s perspective, a need to reach Spanish language audiences was identified. Look at your data such as Google Analytics and how people are getting to your website and what they’re looking for. The more outreach you do, the more people you will reach. In addition, lean on stakeholders to support the campaign and help amplify your brand and messages.
Where do you start if you don’t have any partners? Where do you start to build those relationships?The National Council of la Raza has on their site many of their partners listed, find the regions and types of organizations you’d be interested in work with. You can also start with program managers in your agency that most likely already have those relationships at the national, regional or even local level. If you support other agency’s efforts and have an established relationship, ask them to introduce you to that partner.
Could you share your experience with Facebook ads? How do you target them? Have you found them to be successful?CuidadodeSalud.gov did some fan acquisition for a short time. Google ads and banner ads on search engines may be more effective, however. Google is using Twitter trends to pull in content from this platform. Word trails are trending and it’s because of Twitter.
Victoria Wales is a member of the USAGov Outreach Team at the U.S. General Services Administration. If you’re interested in learning more about how to connect with Hispanics on social media, follow #SomosSocial, and check out our other multilingual articles on DigitalGov. If you’re a government employee, consider joining one of our Communities, such as the Multilingual Digital Group, SocialGov, and the Web Content Managers Forum.Edit